History of Hayes
Hayes is a suburb of the London Borough of Bromley, historically it was a village in Kent and retains much of that identity and retains typical features such as a village hall, pub, farm and yearly Fête. After becoming part of Greater London, Bromley was granted the use of Kent in its postal address. It lies to the south of Bromley town centre.
The ancient village
The name Hayes is recorded from 1177 as hoese from the Anglo-Saxon meaning “a settlement in open land overgrown with shrubs and rough bushes”. It formed an ancient, and later civil, parish of Kent of around 1,282 acres (5.19 km2). The village stood at the junction of Hayes Lane, leading north to Bromley (one mile distant), and what is now known as Pickhurst Lane, leading west to West Wickham. The centre of the old village is now called Hayes Street. The village school was here, as is the parish church of St Mary the Virgin. Parts of the church date back to the thirteenth century; however, it was subject to heavy restorations by George Gilbert Scott and John Oldrid Scott in the nineteenth century. The public house, also on Hayes Lane, is called “The George” (first recorded 1759). Hayes Street Farm, still shown on modern maps, is to the north of the village centre.
Both William Pitt the Elder, 1st Earl of Chatham (1708–1778), and William Pitt the Younger (1759–1806) lived at Hayes Place. The house was demolished in 1933 and the site redeveloped, but its occupants are remembered in such road names as Chatham and Pittsmead Avenues. Prior to being demolished, Hayes Place was owned by the Hambro family (of Hambros Bank fame) and a couple of roads bear the family names.
Although the parish church of Hayes can trace its history back over 800 years, and local villains joined Jack Cade in his rebellion of 1450, the story of Hayes became significant a little over a century ago, when Hayes became a popular place in which to live because bankers, stockbrokers and those who were “something in the City” bought a property in the area.
Between 1801, when the population was just 382, and 1921, it had almost tripled to 1010.]
The branch railway from Elmers End, originally known as the West Wickham and Hayes Railway, was opened on 29 May 1882. Hayes station is a terminus.
During the second world war, an anti-aircraft gun battery was locally based on Hayes Common and the soldiers of the 1st Canadian Division who manned it were barracked in local homes.
Throughout the 20th century, the Hayes village area continued to grow and thrive, with further commercial development on Station Approach in response to the increased traffic through the railway terminus driving an incentive for growth. In the old village area (‘Old Hayes’), the former village school converted to a second, smaller village hall when the local primary school opened in 1937; it lies along George Lane, which was further expanded around the same time to facilitate further suburban housing developments.
Modern suburban Hayes
To cope with the increase in commuter traffic the station was rebuilt in 1935, and Station Approach became the main shopping area, containing a Post Office, cinema, petrol station, two mini-supermarkets and numerous small shops. It also contains a public house called The New Inn.
Much of the area to the west and north-west of the original village has been taken over by suburbia. West Wickham and Bromley are completely joined with Hayes; and Coney Hall estate, beyond the Orpington – Croydon road is also part of the pattern. To the east and south, however, the open space of Hayes Common precludes building of any kind.
Grandfields Nursery in West Common Road was hit by a V-2 rocket in the late afternoon of 9 February 1945, killing four people, including three members of the Grandfield family. Our Lady of the Rosary Catholic Church was later built on the site.
The old village area along Hayes Street, also known as ‘Old Hayes’, today contains some small shops, though the local post office closed in 2004 (the nearest is now in the main shopping area near the station). The timbered cottage on the eastern side of Hayes Street was originally the village bakery then a newsagent called “The Walnut Tree” until 2006 when it changed to residential use. The former village school remains a second village hall; the local primary school in George Lane has expanded in size in recent years and now has three class groups each year. It is extremely popular and many of its pupils go on to Hayes School in West Common Road.
The shopping area in Old Hayes functions as a second hub for commercial businesses, running along Hayes Street opposite St. Mary’s Parish Church. It consists of the public house, “The George”, a mini-market, several hairdressers, a cycle shop, two coffee shops and a fish and chip shop. Next to the church is the village public library, occupying the old rectory building (since replaced by the new rectory), and is surrounded by the library gardens, a small area of parkland containing tennis courts.
Hayes Street Farm continues to play an important role in the village setting. Several public pathways and popular walking routes run through the farmland, and regular car boot sales are hosted on the farm fields.
There is a group called the Hayes (Kent) Village Association (HKVA) which meet regularly to inform people about local issues. They regularly liaise with Bromley Council on planning matters and they give a voice to residents and businesses on a variety of issues. HKVA produce a quarterly magazine, HKVA Review, with local interest articles and events, as well as details of businesses in the locality.
Sports and Leisure
There are numerous playing fields and sports grounds around the periphery of Hayes: such as the Metropolitan Police Sports Ground at the Warren. It is also home, since 1927, to the world-famous Blackheath Harriers Athletics Club (now Blackheath and Bromley Harriers Athletic Club) at their clubhouse The Sydney Wooderson Centre.
- Hayes Town FC (Formed 2016). Members of the Surrey South Eastern Combination, based at Coney Hall FC’s Tiepigs Lane ground.
- Beccehamians RFC a Rugby Union Club founded in 1933 plays competitive rugby at Sparrows Den at the bottom of Corkscrew Hill near West Wickham.
- Hayes Cricket Club based at the Warman Sport ground
- Bromley RFC a Rugby union club started in 1886 and moved to Hayes Village in 1956 and are based at the Warman Sports ground.
- Norman Park Athletics Track – one of the main athletics tracks in Bromley
- Bromley F.C. – A football club based at the Hayes Lane Stadium.
- Hayes (Lawn) Tennis club based at the Warman Sport ground
- Old Wilsonians Sports Club (on fields formerly known as Hayes Hill Sports Ground)
- Urban Krav Maga based at the Old School
- Bigfoot Cycle club
Arts and Culture
- Hayes Philharmonic Choir – 1945 – May 2017
- Allegri Singers – A Chamber choir created in 1981.
- Hayes Players – An Amateur theatre club founded in 1933
- Hayes Symphony Orchestra – A community orchestra, created in 1947, that has three concerts a year
- Hayes School – a mixed secondary school with academy status. Awarded WCSQM “World Class” status in October 2015.
- Hayes Primary School – Opened in 1937, the school is a three-form entry state school for boys and girls aged from 4 to 11 and has chosen to convert into an Academy
- Pickhurst Infant school – a state school for boys and girls aged from 4 to 7
- Pickhurst Junior school – a state school for boys and girls aged from 7 to 11
- Baston – Specialist Autism school
Parks & Green Spaces
- Hayes Common – a 79-Hectare area of public open land
- Husseywell Park
- Coney Hall Recreation Ground
- Pickhurst Park
- The Knoll – an Ornamental Ground of four and a half hectares with lakes and specimen forest trees